|Cite this article as:|
|Zixiang Cui, Lu Zhang, Yongqiang Xue, Yanan Feng, Mengying Wang, Jiaojiao Chen, Boteng Ji, Chenyu Wang, and Yidi Xue, The effects of shape and particle size on the photocatalytic kinetics and mechanism of nano-CeO2, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-021-2332-0|
Nanomaterials have been widely applied to many fields because of their excellent photocatalytic performance. The performance is closely related to the catalytic kinetics, but it is not completely clear that the influencing regularities of shape and particle size on the photocatalytic kinetics of nanomaterials and the photocatalytic kinetic mechanism. In this paper, nano-CeO2 with different shapes and particle sizes were prepared, the kinetic parameters of adsorption and photocatalytic degradation were determined, and the effects of shape and particle size on the kinetics of adsorption and photocatalysis and photocatalytic mechanism were discussed. The results show that the shape and particle size have significant influences. With the decreases of diameter, the performances of adsorption and photocatalysis of nano-CeO2 are improved; and these performances of spherical nano-CeO2 are greater than those of linear nano-CeO2. The shape and particle size have no effects on the kinetic order and mechanism of the whole photocatalytic process. Then a generalized mechanism of photocatalytic kinetics of nanomaterials was proposed and the mechanism rate equation was derived. Finally, the conclusion can be drawn: the desorption of photodegradation products is the control step of photocatalytic kinetics, and the kinetic order of photocatalytic degradation reaction is 1. The mechanism is universal and all nanomaterials have the same photocatalytic kinetic mechanism and order.