|Cite this article as:|
|Chen Chen, Jingwei Li, Qiuxia Zuo, Boyuan Ban, and Jian Chen, Simultaneously removal of P and B from Si by Sr and Zr co-addition during Al-Si low-temperature solvent refining, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-022-2504-6|
To remove the key impurity elements, P and B from primary Si simultaneously, Sr and Zr co-addition to Al-Si alloy systems during solvent refining has been investigated. With the Sr and Zr co-addition, Sr reacts with Al, Si, P in the melt to form a P-containing Al2Si2Sr phase and Zr reacts with B to form a ZrB2 phase. In the Al-Si-Sr-Zr system, high removal fractions of P and B in the primary Si between 84.8%-98.4% and 90.7%-96.7% respectively are achieved at the same time. The best removal effect is obtained in the sample with the addition of Sr-32000+Zr-3000 ppmw, and the removal fractions of P and B in the purified Si reach 98.4% and 96.1%. Compared with the Sr/Zr single-addition, the removal effects of Sr and Zr co-addition on P and B do not show a significant downward trend, indicating that the nucleation and growth of the B/P-containing impurity phases are mutually independent. Finally, an evolution model is proposed to describe the nucleation and the growth stages of Sr/Zr-containing compound phases, which reveals the interaction between the impurity phases and the primary Si.