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Extraction and kinetic analysis of lead and strontium from leaching residue of zinc oxide ore

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  • Available online: 8 January 2020
  • A NH4HCO3 conversion followed by HCl leaching process was performed and was proved to be effective in extracting lead and strontium from zinc extracted residual. The mechanism of NH4HCO3 conversion and operation conditions, including molar ratio of NH4HCO3 to zinc extracted residual, NH4HCO3 concentration, conversion temperature, conversion time, and stirring velocity were discussed, and the operation conditions were optimized by orthogonal test. The experimental results indicated that NH4HCO3 conversion process in temperature ranging from 25℃ to 85℃ followed the shrinking unreacted core model and was controlled by the inner diffusion through the product layer. The extraction ratios of lead and strontium reached 85.15% and 87.08% under the optimized conditions, respectively. The values of the apparent activation energy E were 13.85 kJ·mol-1 for lead and 13.67 kJ·mol-1 for strontium, respectively.
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  • This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51774070 and 51574084).

     

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Extraction and kinetic analysis of lead and strontium from leaching residue of zinc oxide ore

  • Corresponding author:

    Xiao-yi Shen    E-mail: shenxy@smm.neu.edu.cn

  • 1) School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China;
  • 2) School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang 110159, China

Abstract: A NH4HCO3 conversion followed by HCl leaching process was performed and was proved to be effective in extracting lead and strontium from zinc extracted residual. The mechanism of NH4HCO3 conversion and operation conditions, including molar ratio of NH4HCO3 to zinc extracted residual, NH4HCO3 concentration, conversion temperature, conversion time, and stirring velocity were discussed, and the operation conditions were optimized by orthogonal test. The experimental results indicated that NH4HCO3 conversion process in temperature ranging from 25℃ to 85℃ followed the shrinking unreacted core model and was controlled by the inner diffusion through the product layer. The extraction ratios of lead and strontium reached 85.15% and 87.08% under the optimized conditions, respectively. The values of the apparent activation energy E were 13.85 kJ·mol-1 for lead and 13.67 kJ·mol-1 for strontium, respectively.

Acknowledgements  This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51774070 and 51574084).
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