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On the Cell Morphology, Porosity, Microstructure, and Mechanical Properties of Porous Fe-C-P Alloys

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  • Available online: 11 February 2020
  • In the present study, open cell steel foams were successfully fabricated through powder metallurgy route using urea granules as water leachable space holder. The influence of different amounts of phosphorus (0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 wt.%) was investigated on the cell morphology, porosity percentage, microstructure of cell walls, and mechanical properties of steel foams. The cell morphology and microstructure of cell walls were evaluated using an optical microscope (OM) equipped with image processing software and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). In addition, the compression tests were conducted on the steel foams using a universal testing machine. Based on microscopic images, porosities consist of spherical cells and irregularly shaped pores which are distributed in the cell walls. Results indicated that by increasing the phosphorus content, porosity percentage increases from 71.9 to 83.2 percent. The partially distributed ferrite and fine pearlite was observed in the microstructure of cell walls and α-Fe and Fe3P eutectic extended between the boundaries of agglomerated iron particles. Furthermore, elastic and long saw-toothed plateau regions was observed before fracture in the compressional stress-strain curves. According to the results, by increasing the phosphorus content from 0 to 4 wt.%, the plateau region of the stress-strain curves shifts to the right and upward. Therefore, increasing phosphorus content causes improvement in the mechanical properties of steel foams.
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On the Cell Morphology, Porosity, Microstructure, and Mechanical Properties of Porous Fe-C-P Alloys

  • Corresponding author:

    Hamid Sazegaran    E-mail: h.sazegaran@qiet.ac.ir

  • 1) Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Quchan University of Technology, Quchan, Iran
  • 2) Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Gonabad, Gonabad, Iran

Abstract: In the present study, open cell steel foams were successfully fabricated through powder metallurgy route using urea granules as water leachable space holder. The influence of different amounts of phosphorus (0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 wt.%) was investigated on the cell morphology, porosity percentage, microstructure of cell walls, and mechanical properties of steel foams. The cell morphology and microstructure of cell walls were evaluated using an optical microscope (OM) equipped with image processing software and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). In addition, the compression tests were conducted on the steel foams using a universal testing machine. Based on microscopic images, porosities consist of spherical cells and irregularly shaped pores which are distributed in the cell walls. Results indicated that by increasing the phosphorus content, porosity percentage increases from 71.9 to 83.2 percent. The partially distributed ferrite and fine pearlite was observed in the microstructure of cell walls and α-Fe and Fe3P eutectic extended between the boundaries of agglomerated iron particles. Furthermore, elastic and long saw-toothed plateau regions was observed before fracture in the compressional stress-strain curves. According to the results, by increasing the phosphorus content from 0 to 4 wt.%, the plateau region of the stress-strain curves shifts to the right and upward. Therefore, increasing phosphorus content causes improvement in the mechanical properties of steel foams.

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