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Effect of nonmetallic inclusions on localized corrosion of spring steel

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  • Available online: 20 February 2020
  • Certain inclusions in high-strength 60Si2Mn-Cr spring steel render poor resistance to localized corrosion. In this work, accelerated corrosion tests in 3wt% FeCl3 solution for different time were performed to study the effect of inclusions on the localized corrosion behavior of spring steel. The results show that severe corrosion occur in areas of clustered CaS inclusions. Sulfide inclusions containing Ca and Mg induce the strongest localized corrosion susceptibility. The ability of inducing localized corrosion susceptibility is ranked as MgS > CaS > MnS for the case of (Ca,Mn,Mg)S inclusions. CaS, (Ca,Mn)S, and (Ca,Mn,Mg)S inclusions are mainly responsible for inducing environmental embrittlement.
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  • The authors are grateful for support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51574190, 51734003 and 51874116), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (FRF-TP-18-009C1).

     

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Effect of nonmetallic inclusions on localized corrosion of spring steel

  • Corresponding author:

    Shu-feng Yang    E-mail: yangshufeng@ustb.edu.cn

  • School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China

Abstract: Certain inclusions in high-strength 60Si2Mn-Cr spring steel render poor resistance to localized corrosion. In this work, accelerated corrosion tests in 3wt% FeCl3 solution for different time were performed to study the effect of inclusions on the localized corrosion behavior of spring steel. The results show that severe corrosion occur in areas of clustered CaS inclusions. Sulfide inclusions containing Ca and Mg induce the strongest localized corrosion susceptibility. The ability of inducing localized corrosion susceptibility is ranked as MgS > CaS > MnS for the case of (Ca,Mn,Mg)S inclusions. CaS, (Ca,Mn)S, and (Ca,Mn,Mg)S inclusions are mainly responsible for inducing environmental embrittlement.

Acknowledgements  The authors are grateful for support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51574190, 51734003 and 51874116), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (FRF-TP-18-009C1).
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