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Selective Reduction of Carbon Dioxide into Amorphous Carbon over Activated Natural Magnetite

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  • Available online: 10 March 2020
  • Natural magnetite formed by isomorphism substitutions of Fe, Ti, Co, etc. was activated by mechanical grind followed by H2 reduction. Temperature-programmed reduction of hydrogen (H2-TPR) and temperature-programmed surface reaction of carbon dioxide (CO2-TPSR) were carried out to investigate the processes of oxygen loss and CO2 reduction. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and so on. It was found that the stability of spinel phases and oxygen-deficient degree were obviously increased after natural magnetite was mechanically milled and reduced in H2 atmosphere. Meanwhile, the activity and selectivity of CO2 reduction into carbon were enhanced. The deposited carbon on activated natural magnetite was confirmed as amorphous. The amounts of carbon after CO2 reduction at 300℃ for 90 min over the activated natural magnetite attained to 2.87wt% relative to natural magnetite.
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  • This work was supported by National key research and development program of China (Grant No. 2016YFB0600904). The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Analytical and Test Center of Sichuan University.

     

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Selective Reduction of Carbon Dioxide into Amorphous Carbon over Activated Natural Magnetite

Abstract: Natural magnetite formed by isomorphism substitutions of Fe, Ti, Co, etc. was activated by mechanical grind followed by H2 reduction. Temperature-programmed reduction of hydrogen (H2-TPR) and temperature-programmed surface reaction of carbon dioxide (CO2-TPSR) were carried out to investigate the processes of oxygen loss and CO2 reduction. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and so on. It was found that the stability of spinel phases and oxygen-deficient degree were obviously increased after natural magnetite was mechanically milled and reduced in H2 atmosphere. Meanwhile, the activity and selectivity of CO2 reduction into carbon were enhanced. The deposited carbon on activated natural magnetite was confirmed as amorphous. The amounts of carbon after CO2 reduction at 300℃ for 90 min over the activated natural magnetite attained to 2.87wt% relative to natural magnetite.

Acknowledgements  This work was supported by National key research and development program of China (Grant No. 2016YFB0600904). The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Analytical and Test Center of Sichuan University.
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