Xiao-man Tian, Shen-xu Bao, and Yi-min Zhang, Adsorption properties of V(IV) on resin-activated carbon composite electrodes in capacitive deionization, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-020-2100-6
Cite this article as:
Xiao-man Tian, Shen-xu Bao, and Yi-min Zhang, Adsorption properties of V(IV) on resin-activated carbon composite electrodes in capacitive deionization, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-020-2100-6
Research Article

Adsorption properties of V(IV) on resin-activated carbon composite electrodes in capacitive deionization

+ Author Affiliations
  • Corresponding author:

    Shen-xu Bao    E-mail: sxbao@whut.edu.cn

  • Received: 6 April 2020Revised: 13 May 2020Accepted: 15 May 2020Available online: 17 May 2020
  • Composite electrodes prepared by cation exchange resins and activated carbon (AC) were used to adsorb V(IV) in capacitive deionization (CDI). The electrode made of middle resin size (D860/AC M) had the largest specific surface area and mesoporous content than two other composite electrodes. Electrochemical analysis showed that D860/AC M presents higher specific capacitance and electrical double layer capacitor than the others, and significantly lower internal diffusion impedance. Thus, the highest adsorption capacity and rate of V(IV) are inhibited in the three electrodes. The intra-particle diffusion model fits well in the initial adsorption stage, while the liquid film diffusion model is more suitable for fitting at the later stage. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model is fit for the entire adsorption process. The adsorption of V(IV) on the composite electrode follows that of the Freundlich isotherm. Thermodynamic analysis indicates that this condition is an exothermic process with entropy reduction and the electric field force plays a dominant role in the CDI process. This work aims to improve our understanding of the ion adsorption behaviors and mechanisms on the composite electrodes in CDI.
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