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The sliding wear behaviour of Fe/316L/430-Ti(C,N) composites prepared by SPS and subsequent heat treatment

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  • Received: 14 March 2020Revised: 14 May 2020Accepted: 26 May 2020Available online: 27 May 2020
  • In this study, a family of novel steel-Ti(C,N) composites were fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS) method and subsequent heat treatment. The hardness, indentation fracture resistance, and wear behaviour of the steel-Ti(C,N) composites were compared with that of unreinforced samples and their potentials were assessed by traditional cermet/hardmetal systems. The results show that with the addition of 20wt% Ti(C,N), wear rates of the newly examined composites are reduced by about 2 to 4 times and comparable to that of cermets and hardmetals. The martensitic transformation of steel matrix and the formation of in-situ carbides induced by heat treatment meliorated the wear resistance. Although excessive in-situ carbide improves the hardness, the low IFR (Indentation Fracture Resistance) value results in brittle fracture, which in turn results in poor wear property. The operative wear mechanisms were studied. This study provides a practical and cost-effective way to prepare steel-Ti(C,N) composites as potential wear-resistant materials.
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  • [1] K. Bin Tayyab,A. Farooq,A. Ahmed Alvi,A. Basit Nadeem, and K.M. Deen, Corrosion behavior of cold-rolled and post heat-treated 316L stainless steel in 0.9wt% NaCl solution, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-020-2054-8
    [2] Yuan Gao, Zong-de Liu, Qi Wang, and  Yong-tian Wang, Microstructure and mechanical properties of Nb–Mo–ZrB2 composites prepared by hot-pressing sintering, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1631-6
    [3] Miao Wang, Wen-xian Wang, Hong-sheng Chen, and  Yu-li Li, Understanding micro-diffusion bonding from the fabrication of B4C/Ni composites, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1580-0
    [4] Sayed Ghafar Hashemi B. Eghbali, Analysis of the formation conditions and characteristics of interphase and random vanadium precipitation in a low-carbon steel during isothermal heat treatment, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1577-8
    [5] Ping-hu Chen, Yi-bo Li, Rui-qing Li, Ri-peng Jiang, Song-sheng Zeng, and  Xiao-qian Li, Microstructure, mechanical properties, and wear resistance of VCp-reinforced Fe-matrix composites treated by Q&P process, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1657-9
    [6] Hong-yu Zhang, Chong Li, Zong-qing Ma, Li-ming Yu, Hui-jun Li, and  Yong-chang Liu, Morphology and quantitative analysis of O phase during heat treatment of hot-deformed Ti2AlNb-based alloy, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1671-y
    [7] S. Tanhaei, Kh. Gheisari, and  S. R. Alavi Zaree, Effect of cold rolling on the microstructural, magnetic, mechanical, and corrosion properties of AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1610-y
    [8] Behzad Avishan, Effect of prolonged isothermal heat treatment on the mechanical behavior of advanced NANOBAIN steel, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-017-1490-6
    [9] A. R. Sufizadeh and  S. A. A. Akbari Mousavi, Microstructures and mechanical properties of dissimilar Nd:YAG laser weldments of AISI4340 and AISI316L steels, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-017-1435-0
    [10] Hai-xia Qin, Yong Li, Li-xiong Bai, Meng-long Long, Wen-dong Xue, and  Jun-hong Chen, Reaction mechanism for in-situ β-SiAlON formation in Fe3Si-Si3N4-Al2O3 composites, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-017-1411-8
    [11] K. Sanesh, S. Shiam Sunder, and  N. Radhika, Effect of reinforcement content on the adhesive wear behavior of Cu10Sn5Ni/Si3N4 composites produced by stir casting, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-017-1495-1
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The sliding wear behaviour of Fe/316L/430-Ti(C,N) composites prepared by SPS and subsequent heat treatment

  • Corresponding author:

    Ying Liu    E-mail: liuyingscu567@163.com

  • School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China

Abstract: In this study, a family of novel steel-Ti(C,N) composites were fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS) method and subsequent heat treatment. The hardness, indentation fracture resistance, and wear behaviour of the steel-Ti(C,N) composites were compared with that of unreinforced samples and their potentials were assessed by traditional cermet/hardmetal systems. The results show that with the addition of 20wt% Ti(C,N), wear rates of the newly examined composites are reduced by about 2 to 4 times and comparable to that of cermets and hardmetals. The martensitic transformation of steel matrix and the formation of in-situ carbides induced by heat treatment meliorated the wear resistance. Although excessive in-situ carbide improves the hardness, the low IFR (Indentation Fracture Resistance) value results in brittle fracture, which in turn results in poor wear property. The operative wear mechanisms were studied. This study provides a practical and cost-effective way to prepare steel-Ti(C,N) composites as potential wear-resistant materials.

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