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Invited Review

Mitigation of greenhouse gases released from mining activities: A review

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  • Received: 27 May 2020Revised: 16 July 2020Accepted: 27 July 2020Available online: 30 July 2020
  • Climate changes because of global warming caused by increasing amounts of greenhouse gases (GHGs) released into the atmosphere, are alarming. Control over greenhouse gas emissions is critically important for the current and future status of mining activities. The mining industry is one of the significant contributors to greenhouses gases. In essence, the anthropogenic greenhouse gases are emitted directly during the actual mining as well as indirectly released by the energy-intensive activities associated with mining equipment, ore transport, and processing industry. Therefore, we reviewed both the direct and indirect GHGs emissions to analyze how mining contributes to climate change. Additionally, we showed how climate change impacts mineral production. This assessment was performed using a GHG inventory model for the gases released from mines undergoing different product life cycles. We also elucidate the key issues and various research outcomes to demonstrate how the mining industry and policymakers can mitigate GHGs emission from the mining sector. The review concludes with an overview of GHG release reduction and mitigation strategies.
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Mitigation of greenhouse gases released from mining activities: A review

  • Corresponding authors:

    Hong-guang Ji    E-mail: jihongguang@ces.ustb.edu.cn

    Xiang-feng Lv    E-mail: lvxiangfeng2006@126.com

  • 1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Urban Underground Space Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
  • 2. School of Civil and Resource Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
  • 3. Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering, EMS Energy Institute and G3 Center, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA

Abstract: Climate changes because of global warming caused by increasing amounts of greenhouse gases (GHGs) released into the atmosphere, are alarming. Control over greenhouse gas emissions is critically important for the current and future status of mining activities. The mining industry is one of the significant contributors to greenhouses gases. In essence, the anthropogenic greenhouse gases are emitted directly during the actual mining as well as indirectly released by the energy-intensive activities associated with mining equipment, ore transport, and processing industry. Therefore, we reviewed both the direct and indirect GHGs emissions to analyze how mining contributes to climate change. Additionally, we showed how climate change impacts mineral production. This assessment was performed using a GHG inventory model for the gases released from mines undergoing different product life cycles. We also elucidate the key issues and various research outcomes to demonstrate how the mining industry and policymakers can mitigate GHGs emission from the mining sector. The review concludes with an overview of GHG release reduction and mitigation strategies.

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