Yi-ru Yang, Qi-peng Bao, Lei Guo, Zhe Wang, and Zhan-cheng Guo, Numerical simulation of flash reduction process in a drop tube reactor with variable temperature, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-020-2210-1
Cite this article as:
Yi-ru Yang, Qi-peng Bao, Lei Guo, Zhe Wang, and Zhan-cheng Guo, Numerical simulation of flash reduction process in a drop tube reactor with variable temperature, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-020-2210-1
Research Article

Numerical simulation of flash reduction process in a drop tube reactor with variable temperature

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  • Received: 14 August 2020Revised: 17 October 2020Accepted: 19 October 2020Available online: 20 October 2020
  • A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model was developed to accurately predicate the flash reduction process, which is considered to be an efficient alternative ironmaking process. Laboratory-scale experiments were conducted in drop tube reactors (DTRs) to verify the accuracy of the CFD model. The reduction degree of ore particles was selected as a critical indicator of model prediction, and the simulated and experimental results were in good agreement. The influencing factors, including the particle size (20–110 μm), peak temperature (1250–1550 °C), and reductive atmosphere (H2/CO), were also investigated. The height variation lines indicated that smaller particles (50 μm) had a longer residence time (3.6 s). CO provided a longer residence time (~1.29 s) compared with H2 (~1.09 s). However, both the experimental and analytical results show that the reduction degree of particles in CO atmosphere only reached 60%, significantly lower than that in H2 atmosphere, even at the highest temperature (1550 °C). The optimum experimental particle size and peak temperature for the preparation of high-quality reduced iron were found to be 50 μm and 1350 °C in H2 atmosphere and 40 μm and 1550 °C in CO atmosphere, respectively.
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