Zhi-wen Hou, Yan-wu Dong, Zhou-hua Jiang, Zhi-hao Hu, Li-meng Liu, and Kun-jie Tian, Effect of an external magnetic field on improved electroslag remelting cladding process, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-021-2277-3
Cite this article as:
Zhi-wen Hou, Yan-wu Dong, Zhou-hua Jiang, Zhi-hao Hu, Li-meng Liu, and Kun-jie Tian, Effect of an external magnetic field on improved electroslag remelting cladding process, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-021-2277-3
Research Article

Effect of an external magnetic field on improved electroslag remelting cladding process

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  • Received: 11 November 2020Revised: 28 February 2021Accepted: 2 March 2021Available online: 3 March 2021
  • Obtaining a uniform interface temperature field plays a crucial role in the interface bonding quality of bimetal compound rolls. Therefore, in this study, an improved electroslag remelting cladding (ESRC) process using external magnetic field is proposed to improve the uniformity of the interface temperature of compound rolls. The improved ESRC comprises a conventional ESRC circuit and an external coil circuit. A comprehensive 3D model, including multi-physics fields is solved to study the effect of external magnetic field on the multi-physics fields and interface temperature uniformity. The simulated results demonstrate that the non-uniform Joule heat and flow fields cause a non-uniform interface temperature in the conventional ESRC. As for the improved ESRC, the magnetic flux density (Bcoil) along the z-axis is produced by an anticlockwise current of the external coil. The rotating Lorentz force is generated from the interaction between the radial current and axial Bcoil. Therefore, the slag pool flows clockwise, which enhances circumferential effective thermal conductivity. As a result, the uniformity of the temperature field and interface temperature improve. In addition, the magnetic flux density and rotational speed of the simulated results are in good agreement with those of the experimental results, which verifies the accuracy of the improved ESRC model. Therefore, an improved ESRC is efficient for industrial production of the compound roll with a uniform interface bonding quality.
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