|Cite this article as:|
|Natpichan Pienutsa, Krittamet Yannawibut, Jetthana Phattharaphongmanee, Oukrit Thonganantakul, and Sira Srinives, Titanium dioxide-graphene composite electrochemical sensor for detection of hexavalent chromium, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-021-2338-7|
Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) compound is useful to various industries but is toxic and carcinogenic. In this research work, we fabricate an amperometric sensor for the determination of Cr(VI), using a titanium dioxide (TiO2)-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite as the sensing element. The composite was synthesized following sol-gel chemistry, yielding TiO2 nanoparticles of ~50 nm in size, immobilized on chemically exfoliated rGO sheets. The composite was employed in a 3-electrode electrochemical cell and operated in an amperometric mode, exhibiting good responses to the 50 to 500 ppb Cr(VI). Our best result from pH 3 Mcilvane’s buffer solution reveals the sensitivity of 9.12x10-4 ppb-1 and a detection limit of 6 ppb with no signal interference from 200 ppm Ca(II), 150 ppm Mg(II), and 50 ppb Pb(II). The excellent results of the TiO2-rGO sensor can be attributed to synergic effects between TiO2 and rGO, resulting from the presence of n-p heterojunctions and the formation of the TiO2 nanoparticles on rGO.