|Cite this article as:|
|Jun Zhao, Bin Jiang, Qinghang Wang, Ming Yuan, Yanfu Chai, Guangsheng Huang, and Fusheng Pan, Effects of Li addition on microstructures and tensile properties of the extruded Mg–1Zn–xLi alloy, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-021-2340-0|
Li addition is verified to be an effective method to increase the room temperature ductility and formability of Mg alloys. In the present study, the microstructure, texture and tensile properties of extruded Mg–1Zn–xLi (wt%, x=0, 1, 3, 5) alloy sheets were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). It is found that Li addition resulted in the grain coarsening and the development of new transverse direction (TD)–tilting and 〈10–10〉 parallel to extrusion direction textures, which was related to the improved dynamic recrystallization and the increased prismatic slip during extrusion. The Mg–1Zn–5Li sheet showed the weakest texture, which contained both basal and TD–tilting oriented grains. No additional phase was formed with Li addition. Tensile properties showed that the yield strength of Mg–1Zn–xLi sheets gradually decreased with increasing Li content, which was mainly related to grain coarsening and texture weakening. In addition, the ductility of the Mg–1Zn–xLi sheet was remarkably enhanced by Li addition. The elongation of the Mg–1Zn–5Li sheet was 30.3% along the transverse direction, which was three times than that of Mg–1Zn sheet. Microstructural analysis implied that this significant ductility enhancement was associated with the improvement activation of prismatic and basal slips during the tensile tests. This study may provide insights into the development of high-ductility, low-density Mg–Zn–Li based alloys.