Shuqing Nie, Yu Xin, Qiuyun Wang, Chengjin Liu, Chang Miao, Limin Yu, and Wei Xiao, Three-dimensional structural Cu6Sn5/carbon nanotubes alloy thin-film electrodes fabricated by in situ electrodeposition from the leaching solution of waste-printed circuit boards, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-022-2591-4
Cite this article as:
Shuqing Nie, Yu Xin, Qiuyun Wang, Chengjin Liu, Chang Miao, Limin Yu, and Wei Xiao, Three-dimensional structural Cu6Sn5/carbon nanotubes alloy thin-film electrodes fabricated by in situ electrodeposition from the leaching solution of waste-printed circuit boards, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-022-2591-4
Research Article

Three-dimensional structural Cu6Sn5/carbon nanotubes alloy thin-film electrodes fabricated by in situ electrodeposition from the leaching solution of waste-printed circuit boards

+ Author Affiliations
  • Corresponding author:

    Wei Xiao    E-mail: xwylyq2006@126.com

  • Received: 2 November 2022Revised: 13 December 2022Accepted: 22 December 2022Available online: 23 December 2022
  • Tin-based materials are very attractive anodes because of their high theoretical capacity, but their rapid capacity fading from volume expansions limits their practical applications during alloying and dealloying processes. Herein, the improved binder-free tin-copper intermetallic/carbon nanotubes (Cu6Sn5/CNTs) alloy thin-film electrodes are directly fabricated through efficient in situ electrodeposition from the leaching solution of treated waste-printed circuit boards (WPCBs). The characterization results show that the easily agglomerated Cu6Sn5 alloy nanoparticles are uniformly dispersed across the three-dimensional network when the CNTs concentration in the electrodeposition solution is maintained at 0.2 g·L−1. Moreover, the optimal Cu6Sn5/CNTs-0.2 alloy thin-film electrode can not only provide a decent discharge specific capacity of 458.35 mAh·g−1 after 50 cycles at 100 mA·g−1 within capacity retention of 82.58% but also deliver a relatively high reversible specific capacity of 518.24, 445.52, 418.18, 345.33, and 278.05 mAh·g−1 at step-increased current density of 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 A·g−1, respectively. Therefore, the preparation process of the Cu6Sn5/CNTs-0.2 alloy thin-film electrode with improved electrochemical performance may provide a cost-effective strategy for the resource utilization of WPCBs to fabricate anode materials for lithium-ion batteries.
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