Yang Xue, Xiaoming Liu, Na Zhang, Yang Shao, and Chunbao (Charles) Xu, Enhanced photocatalytic performance of iron oxides@HTCC fabricated from zinc extraction tailings for methylene blue degradation: Investigation of the photocatalytic mechanism, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-023-2723-5
Cite this article as:
Yang Xue, Xiaoming Liu, Na Zhang, Yang Shao, and Chunbao (Charles) Xu, Enhanced photocatalytic performance of iron oxides@HTCC fabricated from zinc extraction tailings for methylene blue degradation: Investigation of the photocatalytic mechanism, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-023-2723-5
Research Article

Enhanced photocatalytic performance of iron oxides@HTCC fabricated from zinc extraction tailings for methylene blue degradation: Investigation of the photocatalytic mechanism

+ Author Affiliations
Xiaoming Liu is a youth editorial board member for IJMMM and is not involved in the editorial review or the decision to publish this article. All authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper..
The online version contains supplementary material available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-023-2723-5
  • Corresponding authors:

    Xiaoming Liu    E-mail: liuxm@ustb.edu.cn

    Na Zhang    E-mail: nazhang@cugb.edu.cn

    Chunbao (Charles) Xu    E-mail: cxu6@uwo.ca

  • Received: 26 March 2023Revised: 7 August 2023Accepted: 9 August 2023Available online: 10 August 2023
  • Photocatalytic processes are efficient methods to solve water contamination problems, especially considering dyeing wastewater disposal. However, high-efficiency photocatalysts are usually very expensive and have the risk of heavy metal pollution. Recently, an iron oxides@hydrothermal carbonation carbon (HTCC) heterogeneous catalyst was prepared by our group through co-hydrothermal treatment of carbohydrates and zinc extraction tailings of converter dust. Herein, the catalytic performance of the iron oxides@HTCC was verified by a non-biodegradable dye, methylene blue (MB), and the catalytic mechanism was deduced from theoretical simulations and spectroscopic measurements. The iron oxides@HTCC showed an excellent synergy between photocatalysis and Fenton-like reactions. Under visible-light illumination, the iron oxides@HTCC could be excited to generate electrons and holes, reacting with H2O2 to produce $\cdot\mathrm{O}\mathrm{H}$ radicals to oxidize and decompose organic pollutants. The removal efficiency of methylene blue over iron oxides@HTCC at 140 min was 2.86 times that of HTCC. The enhanced catalytic performance was attributed to the advantages of iron oxides modification: (1) promoting the excitation induced by photons; (2) improving the charge transfer. Furthermore, the iron oxides@HTCC showed high catalytic activity in a wide pH value range of 2.3–10.4, and the MB removal efficiency remained higher than 95% after the iron oxides@HTCC was recycled 4 times. The magnetically recyclable iron oxides@HTCC may provide a solution for the treatment of wastewater from the textile industry.
  • loading
  • Supplementary Information-10.1007s12613-023-2723-5.docx
  • [1]
    M. Munoz, Z.M. de Pedro, J.A. Casas, and J.J. Rodriguez, Preparation of magnetite-based catalysts and their application in heterogeneous Fenton oxidation - A review, Appl. Catal. B, 176-177(2015), p. 249. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2015.04.003
    P.O. Agboola and I. Shakir, Facile fabrication of SnO2/MoS2/rGO ternary composite for solar light-mediated photocatalysis for water remediation, J. Mater. Res. Technol., 18(2022), p. 4303. doi: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2022.04.109
    Y.M. Dong, T. Wang, X.J. Wan, and D.N. He, Washing and dyeing wastewater treatment by combined nano flocculation and photocatalysis processes, J. Geosci. Environ. Prot., 3(2015), No. 2, p. 66.
    X.P. Zhang, D. Liu, L. Yang, L.M. Zhou, and T.Y. You, Self-assembled three-dimensional graphene-based materials for dye adsorption and catalysis, J. Mater. Chem. A, 3(2015), No. 18, p. 10031. doi: 10.1039/C5TA00355E
    A. Muthukrishnaraj, S. Vadivel, V.P. Kamalakannan, and N. Balasubramanian, α-Fe2O3/reduced graphene oxide nanorod as efficient photocatalyst for methylene blue degradation, Mater. Res. Innov., 19(2015), No. 4, p. 258. doi: 10.1179/1433075X14Y.0000000251
    Q.Q. Jin, S. Zhang, T. Wen, et al., Simultaneous adsorption and oxidative degradation of Bisphenol A by zero-valent iron/iron carbide nanoparticles encapsulated in N-doped carbon matrix, Environ. Pollut., 243(2018), p. 218. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.08.061
    B. García-Leiva, L.A.C. Teixeira, and M.L. Torem, Degradation of xanthate in waters by hydrogen peroxide, Fenton and simulated solar photo-Fenton processes, J. Mater. Res. Technol., 8(2019), No. 6, p. 5698. doi: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2019.09.037
    A. Almahri, The solid-state synthetic performance of bentonite stacked manganese ferrite nanoparticles: Adsorption and photo-Fenton degradation of MB dye and antibacterial applications, J. Mater. Res. Technol., 17(2022), p. 2935. doi: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2022.02.052
    S. Elkhalifa, T. Al-Ansari, H.R. Mackey, and G. McKay, Food waste to biochars through pyrolysis: A review, Resour. Conserv. Recycl., 144(2019), p. 310. doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2019.01.024
    P. Bhavani, M. Hussain, and Y.K. Park, Recent advancements on the sustainable biochar based semiconducting materials for photocatalytic applications: A state of the art review, J. Clean. Prod., 330(2022), art. No. 129899. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129899
    Z.F. Hu, Z.R. Shen, and J.C. Yu, Converting carbohydrates to carbon-based photocatalysts for environmental treatment, Environ. Sci. Technol., 51(2017), No. 12, p. 7076. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.7b00118
    G.L. Wang, W.X. Bi, Q.M. Zhang, X.L. Dong, and X.F. Zhang, Hydrothermal carbonation carbon-based photocatalysis under visible light: Modification for enhanced removal of organic pollutant and novel insight into the photocatalytic mechanism, J. Hazard. Mater., 426(2022), art. No. 127821. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127821
    Y. Xue, X.M. Liu, N. Zhang, S. Guo, Z.Q. Xie, and C.B. Xu, A novel process for the treatment of steelmaking converter dust: Selective leaching and recovery of zinc sulfate and synthesis of iron oxides@HTCC photocatalysts by carbonizing carbohydrates, Hydrometallurgy, 217(2023), art. No. 106039. doi: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2023.106039
    O. Kazak and A. Tor, In situ preparation of magnetic hydrochar by co-hydrothermal treatment of waste vinasse with red mud and its adsorption property for Pb(II) in aqueous solution, J. Hazard. Mater., 393(2020), art. No. 122391. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.122391
    F.F. Wang, X.L. Yu, M.F. Ge, et al., Facile self-assembly synthesis of γ-Fe2O3/graphene oxide for enhanced photo-Fenton reaction, Environ. Pollut., 248(2019), p. 229. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.01.018
    C. Lai, X.X. Shi, L. Li, et al., Enhancing iron redox cycling for promoting heterogeneous Fenton performance: A review, Sci. Total Environ., 775(2021), art. No. 145850. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145850
    W.M. Alamier, N. Hasan, M.S. Nawaz, K.S. Ismail, M. Shkir, M. Ahmad Malik, and M.D.Y. Oteef, Biosynthesis of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles using Murayya koenigii for photocatalytic dye degradation and antibacterial application, J. Mater. Res. Technol., 22(2023), p. 1331. doi: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2022.11.181
    U. Mahanta, M. Khandelwal, and A.S. Deshpande, TiO2@SiO2 nanoparticles for methylene blue removal and photocatalytic degradation under natural sunlight and low-power UV light, Appl. Surf. Sci., 576(2022), art. No. 151745. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.151745
    H.X. Yan, Y.S. Pan, X.B. Liao, et al., Enhancement of Fe2+/Fe3+ cycles by the synergistic effect between photocatalytic and co-catalytic of ZnxCd1−xS on photo-Fenton system, Appl. Surf. Sci., 576(2022), art. No. 151881. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.151881
    S. Lu, G.L. Wang, S. Chen, H.T. Yu, F. Ye, and X. Quan, Heterogeneous activation of peroxymonosulfate by LaCo1−xCuxO3 perovskites for degradation of organic pollutants, J. Hazard. Mater., 353(2018), p. 401. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.04.021
    M.M. Ding, W. Chen, H. Xu, et al., Novel α-Fe2O3/MXene nanocomposite as heterogeneous activator of peroxymonosulfate for the degradation of salicylic acid, J. Hazard. Mater., 382(2020), art. No. 121064. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121064
    R. Luo, C. Liu, J.S. Li, et al., Nanostructured CoP: An efficient catalyst for degradation of organic pollutants by activating peroxymonosulfate, J. Hazard. Mater., 329(2017), p. 92. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.01.032
    T. Li, X.M. Wang, Y.M. Chen, J.R. Liang, and L.X. Zhou, Producing $ \cdot\mathrm{O}\mathrm{H} $, $ {\mathrm{S}\mathrm{O}}_{4}^{\cdot{-}} $ and $ {\cdot\mathrm{O}}_{2}^{-} $ in heterogeneous Fenton reaction induced by Fe3O4-modified schwertmannite, Chem. Eng. J., 393(2020), art. No. 124735. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2020.124735
    Y.J. Choe, J.S. Kim, H. Kim, and J. Kim, Open Ni site coupled with $ {\mathrm{S}\mathrm{O}}_{4}^{2-} $ functionality to prompt the radical interconversion of $ \cdot \mathrm{O}\mathrm{H} $ ↔ $ {\mathrm{S}\mathrm{O}}_{4}^{\cdot{-}} $ exploited to decompose refractory pollutants, Chem. Eng. J., 400(2020), art. No. 125971. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2020.125971
    B. Yang, Z. Tian, L. Zhang, Y.P. Guo, and S.Q. Yan, Enhanced heterogeneous Fenton degradation of Methylene Blue by nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) assembled on magnetic Fe3O4/reduced graphene oxide, J. Water Process. Eng., 5(2015), p. 101. doi: 10.1016/j.jwpe.2015.01.006
    J. Zhou, D.D. Nie, X.B. Jin, and W. Xiao, Controllable nitridation of Ta2O5 in molten salts for enhanced photocatalysis, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 27(2020), No. 12, p. 1703. doi: 10.1007/s12613-020-2050-z
    H. Esmaili, A. Kotobi, S. Sheibani, and F. Rashchi, Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue by nanostructured Fe/FeS powder under visible light, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 25(2018), No. 2, p. 244. doi: 10.1007/s12613-018-1567-x
    M. Kitano, M. Takeuchi, M. Matsuoka, J.M. Thomas, and M. Anpo, Photocatalytic water splitting using Pt-loaded visible light-responsive TiO2 thin film photocatalysts, Catal. Today, 120(2007), No. 2, p. 133. doi: 10.1016/j.cattod.2006.07.043
    G.J. Ai, H.X. Li, S.P. Liu, R. Mo, and J.X. Zhong, Solar water splitting by TiO2/CdS/Co–Pi nanowire array photoanode enhanced with Co–Pi as hole transfer relay and CdS as light absorber, Adv. Funct. Mater., 25(2015), No. 35, p. 5706. doi: 10.1002/adfm.201502461
    C. Han, M. Pelaez, V. Likodimos, et al., Innovative visible light-activated sulfur doped TiO2 films for water treatment, Appl. Catal. B, 107(2011), No. 1-2, p. 77. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2011.06.039
    R.D. Su, S.H. Ge, H. Li, et al., Synchronous synthesis of Cu2O/Cu/rGO@carbon nanomaterials photocatalysts via the sodium alginate hydrogel template method for visible light photocatalytic degradation, Sci. Total Environ., 693(2019), art. No. 133657. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133657
    R. Gao, Z.Y. Wang, S. Liu, G.J. Shao, and X.P. Gao, Metal phosphides and borides as the catalytic host of sulfur cathode for lithium–sulfur batteries, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 29(2022), No. 5, p. 990. doi: 10.1007/s12613-022-2451-2
    Z.X. Cui, L. Zhang, Y.Q. Xue, et al., Effects of shape and particle size on the photocatalytic kinetics and mechanism of nano-CeO2, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 29(2022), No. 12, p. 2221. doi: 10.1007/s12613-021-2332-0
    S.Y. Luo, S.P. Li, S. Zhang, Z.Y. Cheng, T.T. Nguyen, and M.H. Guo, Visible-light-driven Z-scheme protonated g-C3N4/wood flour biochar/BiVO4 photocatalyst with biochar as charge-transfer channel for enhanced RhB degradation and Cr(VI) reduction, Sci. Total Environ., 806(2022), art. No. 150662. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150662
    Y.P. Li, X. Bian, X. Jin, P. Cen, W.Y. Wu, and G.F. Fu, Characterization and ultraviolet—Visible shielding property of samarium—Cerium compounds containing Sm2O2S prepared by co-precipitation method, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 29(2022), No. 9, p. 1809. doi: 10.1007/s12613-021-2309-z
    X.H. Zhang, B.Y. Lin, X.Y. Li, X. Wang, K.Z. Huang, and Z.H. Chen, MOF-derived magnetically recoverable Z-scheme ZnFe2O4/Fe2O3 perforated nanotube for efficient photocatalytic ciprofloxacin removal, Chem. Eng. J., 430(2022), art. No. 132728. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2021.132728
    G.F. Liao, Y. Gong, L. Zhang, H.Y. Gao, G.J. Yang, and B.Z. Fang, Semiconductor polymeric graphitic carbon nitride photocatalysts: The “holy grail” for the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction under visible light, Energy Environ. Sci., 12(2019), No. 7, p. 2080. doi: 10.1039/C9EE00717B
    Q.H. Zhu, K. Zhang, D.Q. Li, et al., Polarization-enhanced photocatalytic activity in non-centrosymmetric materials based photocatalysis: A review, Chem. Eng. J., 426(2021), art. No. 131681. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2021.131681
    T. Zhang, Y.W. Zhang, S.Z. Zhang, G.Q. Chen, and Z.L. Hong, Research and applications of visible light responsive narrow band gap semiconductor photocatalytic materials, Mater. Rev., 23(2009), No. 3, p. 24.
    Q. Liu, X.L. Wang, Q. Yang, Z.G. Zhang, and X.M. Fang, A novel route combined precursor-hydrothermal pretreatment with microwave heating for preparing holey g-C3N4 nanosheets with high crystalline quality and extended visible light absorption, Appl. Catal. B, 225(2018), p. 22. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2017.11.044
    L. Qian, F.D. Kopinke, and A. Georgi, Photodegradation of perfluorooctanesulfonic acid on Fe–zeolites in water, Environ. Sci. Technol., 55(2021), No. 1, p. 614. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.0c04558
    B. Zhang, J.S. Xiao, S.Q. Jiao, and H.M. Zhu, Thermodynamic and thermoelectric properties of titanium oxycarbide with metal vacancy, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 29(2022), No. 4, p. 787. doi: 10.1007/s12613-022-2421-8
    X.C. Wang, K. Maeda, A. Thomas, et al., A metal-free polymeric photocatalyst for hydrogen production from water under visible light, Nat. Mater., 8(2009), No. 1, p. 76. doi: 10.1038/nmat2317
    Y.W. Pan, R. Qin, M.H. Hou, et al., The interactions of polyphenols with Fe and their application in Fenton/Fenton-like reactions, Sep. Purif. Technol., 300(2022), art. No. 121831. doi: 10.1016/j.seppur.2022.121831
    Y. Xue and X.M. Liu, Detoxification, solidification and recycling of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash: A review, Chem. Eng. J., 420(2021), art. No. 130349. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2021.130349
    C. Miao, L.X. Liang, F. Zhang, et al., Review of the fabrication and application of porous materials from silicon-rich industrial solid waste, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 29(2022), No. 3, p. 424. doi: 10.1007/s12613-021-2360-9
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(14)  / Tables(1)

    Share Article

    Article Metrics

    Article Views(62) PDF Downloads(11) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint