Junjie Li, Wenbo Yu, Zhenyu Sun, Weichen Zheng, Liangwei Zhang, Yanling Xue, Wenning Liu, and Shoumei Xiong, The influence of introducing Zr, Ti, Nb, and Ce elements on the ESCs and mechanical properties of high-pressure die casting Al-Si alloy, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-024-2882-z
Cite this article as:
Junjie Li, Wenbo Yu, Zhenyu Sun, Weichen Zheng, Liangwei Zhang, Yanling Xue, Wenning Liu, and Shoumei Xiong, The influence of introducing Zr, Ti, Nb, and Ce elements on the ESCs and mechanical properties of high-pressure die casting Al-Si alloy, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater.,(2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-024-2882-z
Research Article

The influence of introducing Zr, Ti, Nb, and Ce elements on the ESCs and mechanical properties of high-pressure die casting Al-Si alloy

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  • Received: 1 December 2023Revised: 12 March 2024Accepted: 13 March 2024Available online: 15 March 2024
  • High pressure die casting (HPDC) AlSi10MnMg alloy castings are widely used in the automobile industry. Mg can enhance the strength of the alloy with the sacrifice of the ductility. Heat treatment was generally adopted to resolve this drawback. With the development of large integrated die-casting parts, non-heat treatment Al alloys are strongly desired. In addition, the externally solidified crystals (ESCs) are often found in HPDC, which are detrimental to the mechanical properties of castings. In order to achieve high strength and toughness of non-heat treatment die-casting Al-Si alloy, AlSi9Mn alloy is used as matrix with the introduction of Zr, Ti, Nb and Ce elements. Their influences on the ESCs and mechanical properties were systematically investigated by combining three-dimensional reconstruction and thermodynamic simulation. Our results reveal that the addition of Ti element induced the increase of ESCs size and porosity. The following introduction of Nb could refine ESCs and decrease porosity. Meanwhile, the large-sized Al3(Zr, Ti) phases formed and degraded the mechanical properties. It was further confirmed that the subsequent introduction of Ce resulted in the poisoning effect and reduced mechanical properties.

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