Cite this article as:

Research Article

Effect of coaxial laser cladding parameters on bead formation

+ Author Affiliations
  • Corresponding author:

    A. I. Noskov    E-mail: aleks622@yandex.ru

  • Received: 10 October 2016Revised: 28 November 2016Accepted: 29 November 2016
  • We investigated the shape and morphology of nickel-based powder particles (Sulzer Metco) and coatings produced by laser gas-powder deposition onto steel substrates. Laser deposition was performed using an LC-10 IPG-Photonics laser complex equipped with a 10-kW fiber laser. The shape and microstructure of the samples were studied using optical and electronic microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. The results showed that the deposition speed and laser power significantly influenced the shape and size of the beads. The depth of diffusion of nickel into the steel substrate after deposition was less than 20 μm; the microstructure of the resulting coating was fcc Fe3Ni. As a result, detailed information about the form and shape of the filler powder, modes of its deposition, and the resulting coating structure was obtained; this information is important for the production of high-quality products by additive technologies.
  • 加载中
  • The work has been done in Kazan National Research Technical University named after A.N. Tupolev under the support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, state contract No. 14.Z50.31.0023 within the scope of the 220th Enactment and under the state assignment No. 9.3236.2017/PCH.

     

  • [1] J.C. Ion, Laser Processing of Engineering Materials:Principles, Procedure, and Industrial Application, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2005, p. 556.
    [2] W.M. Steen, Laser Material Processing, 3rd Ed., Springer, Berlin, 2003, p. 408.
    [3] E. Toyserkani, A. Khajepour, and S. Corbin, Laser Cladding, CRS Press, Boca Raton, 2005, p. 280.
    [4] X.L. Wu, In situ formation by laser cladding of a TiC composite coating with a gradient distribution, Surf. Coat. Technol., 115(1999), No. 2-3, p. 111.
    [5] F. Moures, E. Cicală, P. Sallamand, D. Grevey, B. Vannes, and S. Ignat, Optimization of refractory coatings realized with cored wire addition using a high-power diode laser, Surf. Coat. Technol., 200(2005), No. 7, p. 2283.
    [6] U. de Oliveira, V. Ocelik, and J.T.M. de Hosson, Analysis of coaxial laser cladding processing conditions, Surf. Coat. Technol., 197(2005), No. 2-3, p. 127.
    [7] O.G. Devoyno, P. Drozdov, Y.B. Dovoretskiy, M.A. Kardapolova, N.I. Lutsko, and E. Tamanis, Influence of laser cladding parameters on the distribution of elements in the beads of nickel-based Ni-Cr-B-Si alloy, Latv. J. Phys. Tech. Sci., 49(2012), No. 4, p. 61.
    [8] A.G. Grigor'yants, I.N. Shiganov, and A.I. Misyurov, Technological Processes of Laser Processing, Bauman MSTU Publ., Moscow, 2008, p. 664.
    [9] A.G. Grigor'yants, A.N. Safonov, and V.V. Shibaev, Powder Metallurgy, Moscow, 1984, No. 9, p. 39.
    [10] P.Y. Xia, F. Yan, F.R. Kong, C.M. Wang, J.H. Liu, X.Y. Hu, and S.Y. Pang, Prediction of weld shape for fiber laser keyhole welding based on finite element analysis, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 75(2014), No. 1, p. 363.
    [11] Z.Q. Chen and X.D. Gao, Detection of weld pool width using infrared imaging during high-power fiber laser welding of type 304 austenitic stainless steel, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 74(2014), No. 9, p. 1247.
    [12] S.C. Li, G.Y. Chen, C Zhou, X.F. Chen, and Y. Zhou, Plasma inside and outside keyhole during 10 kW level fiber laser welding, Acta Phys. Sin., 63(2014), No. 10, p. 104212.
    [13] A.G. Grigoryants, A.I. Misyurov, and R.S. Tretjakov, Analysis of the effect of the parameters of coaxial laser surfacing on the formation of beads, Tekhnologiya Mashinostroeniya, 2011, No. 11, p. 19.
    [14] C.Y. Kong, P.A. Carroll, P. Brown, and R.J. Scudamore, The effect of average powder particle size on deposition efficiency, deposit height and surface roughness in the direct metal laser deposition process,[in] Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Joining of Materials, Helsingør, Denmark, 2007.
    [15] R. Bjorhovde, Development and use of high performance steel, J. Constr. Steel Res., 60(2004), No. 3-5, p. 393.
  • [1] Hamid Sazegaran and Seyyed Mohsen Moosavi Nezhad, Cell morphology, porosity, microstructure and mechanical properties of porous FeCP alloys, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 2021, 28(): 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-020-1995-2
    [2] Zhi-yong Liu, Ying Cheng, Yan-xiang Li, Xu Zhou, Xiang Chen, and  Ning-zhen Wang, Shape formation of closed-cell aluminum foam in solid–liquid–gas coexisting state, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 2018, 25(8): 974-980. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1647-y
    [3] Hong-yu Zhang, Chong Li, Zong-qing Ma, Li-ming Yu, Hui-jun Li, and  Yong-chang Liu, Morphology and quantitative analysis of O phase during heat treatment of hot-deformed Ti2AlNb-based alloy, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 2018, 25(10): 1191-1200. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1671-y
    [4] Mi-qi Wang, Ze-hua Zhou, Lin-tao Wu, Ying Ding, and  Ze-hua Wang, Characterization and in-situ formation mechanism of tungsten carbide reinforced Fe-based alloy coating by plasma cladding, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 2018, 25(4): 439-443. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1589-4
    [5] Li Fan, Hai-yan Chen, Yao-hua Dong, Li-hua Dong, and  Yan-sheng Yin, Wear and corrosion resistance of laser-cladded Fe-based composite coatings on AISI 4130 steel, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 2018, 25(6): 716-728. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1619-2
    [6] Saeed Nobakht and  Mohsen Kazeminezhad, Electrical annealing of severely deformed copper:microstructure and hardness, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 2017, 24(10): 1158-1168. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-017-1506-2
    [7] Mustafa K. Ibrahim, E. Hamzah, Safaa N. Saud, E. N. E. Abu Bakar, and  A. Bahador, Microwave sintering effects on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti-51at%Ni shape memory alloys, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 2017, 24(3): 280-288. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-017-1406-5
    [8] Hai-jun Wang, Zhe Rong, Li Xiang, Sheng-tao Qiu, Jian-xin Li, and  Ting-liang Dong, Effect of decarburization annealing temperature and time on the carbon content, microstructure, and texture of grain-oriented pure iron, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 2017, 24(4): 393-400. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-017-1419-0
    [9] A. R. Sufizadeh and  S. A. A. Akbari Mousavi, Microstructures and mechanical properties of dissimilar Nd:YAG laser weldments of AISI4340 and AISI316L steels, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 2017, 24(5): 538-549. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-017-1435-0
    [10] Hui-ping Duan, Xiao Liu, Xian-zhe Ran, Jia Li, and  Dong Liu, Mechanical properties and microstructure of 3D-printed high Co-Ni secondary hardening steel fabricated by laser melting deposition, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 2017, 24(9): 1027-1033. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-017-1492-4
    [11] Gui-hua Liu, Zheng Li, Xiao-bin Li, Tian-gui Qi, Zhi-hong Peng, and  Qiu-sheng Zhou, Precipitation of spherical boehmite from concentrated sodium aluminate solution by adding gibbsite as seed, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 2017, 24(8): 954-963. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-017-1483-5
  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Share Article

Article Metrics

Article views(148) PDF downloads(1) Cited by()

Proportional views

Effect of coaxial laser cladding parameters on bead formation

  • Corresponding author:

    A. I. Noskov    E-mail: aleks622@yandex.ru

  • Kazan National Research Technical University, 10 Karl Marx Str., Kazan 420111, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation

Abstract: We investigated the shape and morphology of nickel-based powder particles (Sulzer Metco) and coatings produced by laser gas-powder deposition onto steel substrates. Laser deposition was performed using an LC-10 IPG-Photonics laser complex equipped with a 10-kW fiber laser. The shape and microstructure of the samples were studied using optical and electronic microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. The results showed that the deposition speed and laser power significantly influenced the shape and size of the beads. The depth of diffusion of nickel into the steel substrate after deposition was less than 20 μm; the microstructure of the resulting coating was fcc Fe3Ni. As a result, detailed information about the form and shape of the filler powder, modes of its deposition, and the resulting coating structure was obtained; this information is important for the production of high-quality products by additive technologies.

Acknowledgements  The work has been done in Kazan National Research Technical University named after A.N. Tupolev under the support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, state contract No. 14.Z50.31.0023 within the scope of the 220th Enactment and under the state assignment No. 9.3236.2017/PCH.
Reference (15)

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return