Dong-liang Li, Gui-qin Fu, Miao-yong Zhu, Qing Li, and Cheng-xiang Yin, Effect of Ni on the corrosion resistance of bridge steel in a simulated hot and humid coastal-industrial atmosphere, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 25(2018), No. 3, pp. 325-338.
Cite this article as:
Dong-liang Li, Gui-qin Fu, Miao-yong Zhu, Qing Li, and Cheng-xiang Yin, Effect of Ni on the corrosion resistance of bridge steel in a simulated hot and humid coastal-industrial atmosphere, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 25(2018), No. 3, pp. 325-338.
Research Article

Effect of Ni on the corrosion resistance of bridge steel in a simulated hot and humid coastal-industrial atmosphere

+ Author Affiliations
  • Corresponding author:

    Miao-yong Zhu    E-mail:

  • Received: 25 August 2017Revised: 26 November 2017Accepted: 8 December 2017
  • The corrosion resistance of weathering bridge steels containing conventional contents of Ni (0.20wt%, 0.42wt%, 1.50wt%) and a higher content of Ni (3.55wt%) in a simulated hot and humid coastal-industrial atmosphere was investigated by corrosion depth loss, scanning electron microscopy-energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and electrochemical methods. The results showed that, with increasing Ni content, the mechanical properties of the bridge steel were markedly improved, the welding parameters were satisfactory at room temperature, and the corrosion resistance was enhanced. When the Ni content was low (≤ 0.42wt%), the crystallization process of the corrosion products was substantially promoted, enhancing the stability of the rust layer. When the Ni content was higher (~3.55wt%), the corrosion reaction of the steel quickly reached a balance, because the initial rapid corrosion induced the formation of a protective rust layer in the early stage. Simultaneously, NiO and NiFe2O4 were generated in large quantities; they not only formed a stable, compact, and continuous oxide protective layer, but also strongly inhibited the transformation process of the corrosion products. This inhibition reduced the structural changes in the rust layer, thereby enhancing the protection. However, when the Ni content ranged from 0.42wt% to 1.50wt%, the corrosion resistance of the bridge steel increased only slightly.
  • loading
  • [1]
    P. Albrecht and T.T. Hall Jr, Atmospheric corrosion resistance of structural steels, J. Mater. Civ. Eng., 15(2003), No. 1, p. 2.
    Y.Q. Liu and A.R. Chen, Development and design essentials of weathering steel bridges, Bridge Constr., 5(2003), p. 39.
    D.J. Yang and Z.S. Shen, Metal Corrosion Study, Metallurgical Industry Press, Beijing, 1999, p. 208.
    C.N. Cao, Material Corrosion in Natural Environment of China, Chemical Industry Press, Beijing, 2005, p. 2.
    C.L. Li, Y.T. Ma, Y. Li, and F.H. Wang, EIS monitoring study of atmospheric corrosion under variable relative humidity, Corros. Sci., 52(2010), No. 11, p. 3677.
    S.T. Wang, S.W. Yang, K.W. Gao, and X.L. He, Corrosion behavior and corrosion products of a low-alloy weathering steel in Qingdao and Wanning, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 16(2009), No. 1, p. 58.
    W.H. Zhang, S.W. Yang, J. Guo, Z.Y. Liu, and X.L. He, Incubation and development of corrosion in microstructures of low alloy steels under a thin liquid film of NaCl aqueous solution, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 17(2010), No. 6, p. 748.
    A.P. Yadav, A. Nishikata, and T. Tsuru, Electrochemical impedance study on galvanized steel corrosion under cyclic wet-dry conditions-influence of time of wetness, Corros. Sci., 46(2004), No. 1, p. 169.
    U.R. Evans and C.A.J. Taylor, Mechanism of atmospheric rusting, Corros. Sci., 12(1972), No. 3, p. 227.
    H.E. Townsend, Effects of alloying elements on the corrosion of steel in industrial atmospheres, Corrosion, 57(2001), No. 6, p. 497.
    H. NaitÔ, Y. Hosoi, H. Okada, and K. Inouye, Effect of alloying elements in steel on the corrosion behavior in neutral solutions:fundamental studies of the atmospheric corrosion of low-alloy steels, Corros. Eng., 16(1967), No. 5, p. 191.
    G.L. Cao, G.M. Li, S. Chen, W.S. Chang, and X.Q. Chen, Comparison on pitting corrosion resistance of nickel and chromium in typical sea water resistance steels, Acta Metall. Sin., 46(2010), No. 6, p. 748.
    A. Nishikata, Y. Yamashita, H. Katayama, T. Tsuru, A. Usami, K. Tanabe, and H. Mabuchi, An electrochemical impedance study on atmospheric corrosion of steels in a cyclic wet-dry condition, Corros. Sci., 37(1995), No. 12, p. 2059.
    T. Nishimura, H. Katayama, K. Noda, and T. Kodama, Effect of Co and Ni on the corrosion behavior of low alloy steels in wet/dry environments, Corros. Sci., 42(2000), No. 9, p. 1611.
    T. Nishimura and T. Kodama, Analysis of chemical state for alloying elements in iron rust, Tetsu-to-Hagane, 88(2002), No. 6, p. 320.
    T. Nishimura and T. Kodama, Clarification of chemical state for alloying elements in iron rust using a binary-phase potential-pH diagram and physical analyses, Corros. Sci., 45(2003), No. 5, p. 1073.
    A. Nishikata, F. Suzuki, and T. Tsuru, Corrosion monitoring of nickel-containing steels in marine atmospheric environment, Corros. Sci., 47(2005), No. 10, p. 2578.
    H. Kihira, S. Ito, S. Mizoguchi, T. Murata, A. Usami, and K. Tanabe, Creation of alloy design concept for anti air-born salinity weathering steel, Zairyo-to-Kankyo, 49(2000), No. 1, p. 30.
    A. Nishikata, Q.J. Zhu, and E. Tada, Long-term monitoring of atmospheric corrosion at weathering steel bridges by an electrochemical impedance method, Corros. Sci., 87(2014), p. 80.
    J.L. Gu, R. Yan, H. Jun, and Y. Fumio, Effect of Ni content on atmospheric corrosion of low alloy steels, Corros. Prot., 31(2010), No. 1, p. 5.
    X.Q. Cheng, Z. Jin, M. Liu, and X.G. Li, Optimizing the nickel content in weathering steels to enhance their corrosion resistance in acidic atmospheres, Corros. Sci., 115(2017), p. 135.
    X.Q. Cheng, Y.W. Tian, X.G. Li, and C. Zhou, Corrosion behavior of nickel-containing weathering steel in simulated marine atmospheric environment, Mater. Corros., 65(2014), No. 10, p. 1033.
    R. Liu, X.P. Chen, X.D. Wang, Q.N. Shi, F.Y. Mi, and Y. Li, Effect of nickel on corrosion resistance of weathering steels in a simulated marine atmosphere environment, Corros. Sci. Prot. Technol., 28(2016), No. 2, p. 122.
    X.H. Chen, J.H. Dong, E.H. Han, and W. Ke, Effect of Ni on the ion-selectivity of rust layer on low alloy steel, Mater. Lett., 61(2007), No. 19-20, p. 4050.
    X.L. Gao, G.Q. Fu, and M.Y. Zhu, Effect of nickel on ion-selective property of rust formed on low-alloying weathering steel, Acta Metall. Sin. Engl. Lett., 25(2012), No. 4, p. 295.
    I. Diaz, H. Cano, D. de la Fuente, B. Chico, J.M. Vega, and M. Morcillo, Atmospheric corrosion of Ni-advanced weathering steels in marine atmospheres of moderate salinity, Corros. Sci., 76(2013), p. 348.
    H. Cano, D. Neff, M. Morcillo, P. Dillmann, I. Diaz, and D. de la Fuente, Characterization of corrosion products formed on Ni 2.4 wt%-Cu 0.5 wt%-Cr 0.5 wt% weathering steel exposed in marine atmospheres, Corros. Sci., 87(2014), p. 438.
    H.S. Karayannis and G. Patermarakis, Effect of the Cl- and SO2-4 ions on the selective orientation and structure of Ni electrodeposits, Electrochim. Acta, 40(1995), No. 9, p. 1079.
    K. Noda, T. Nishimura, H. Masuda, and T. Kodama, Ion selective permeability of the rust layer on Fe-Co and Fe-Ni low alloy steel, J. Jpn. Inst. Met., 63(1999), No. 9, p. 1133.
    F. Corvo, T. Perez, L.R. Dzib, Y. Martin, A. Castañeda, E. Gonzalez, and J. Perez, Outdoor-indoor corrosion of metals in tropical coastal atmospheres, Corros. Sci., 50(2008), No. 1, p. 220.
    F. Corvo, T. Pérez, Y. Martin, J. Reyes, L.R. Dzib, J. González-Sánchez, and A. Castañeda, Time of wetness in tropical climate:considerations on the estimation of TOW according to ISO 9223 standard, Corros. Sci., 50(2008), No. 1, p. 206.
    J.G. Castaño, C.A. Botero, A.H. Restrepo, E.A. Agudelo, E. Correa, and F. Echeverría, Atmospheric corrosion of carbon steel in Colombia, Corros. Sci., 52(2010), No. 1, p. 216.
    Y.T. Ma, Y. Li, and F.H. Wang, The atmospheric corrosion kinetics of low carbon steel in a tropical marine environment, Corros. Sci., 52(2010), No. 5, p. 1796.
    A.M. Guo and D.H. Zou, Current situation of bridge steel and development of weathering bridge steel in China, China Steel, 2008, No. 9, p. 18.
    A.M. Guo, H.X. Dong, and D.H. Zou, Study on corrosion resistance of high strength weathering bridge steel produced by WISCO,[in] The China's Annual Conference of Steel Rolling Production Technology, Dalian, 2008.
    M. Morcillo, B. Chico, I. Díaz, H. Cano, and D. de la Fuente, Atmospheric corrosion data of weathering steels:A review, Corros. Sci., 77(2013), p. 6.
    K. Asami and M. Kikuchi, In-depth distribution of rusts on a plain carbon steel and weathering steels exposed to coastal-industrial atmosphere for 17 years, Corros. Sci., 45(2003), No. 11, p. 2671.
    Ministry of Railways, PRC, TB/T 2375-1993, Wet/Dry Cyclic Corrosion Test of Weathering Steel Using for Railway, China Railway Press, Beijing, 1993.
    E. Burger, M. Fénart, S. Perrin, D. Neff, and P. Dillmann, Use of the gold markers method to predict the mechanisms of iron atmospheric corrosion, Corros. Sci., 53(2011), No. 6, p. 2122.
    W.J. Chen, L. Hao, J.H. Dong, W. Ke, and H.L. Wen, Effect of SO2 on corrosion evolution of Q235B steel in simulated coastal-industrial atmosphere, Acta Metall. Sin., 50(2014), No. 7, p. 802.
    L. Cui, S.W. Yang, S.T. Wang, K.W. Gao, W. Liu, and X.L. He, Corrosion behavior and corrosion products of a low carbon bainite steel in three kinds of typical environments, J. Univ. Sci. Technol. Beijing, 31(2009), No. 3, p. 306.
    C.N. Cao, Principles of Electrochemistry of Corrosion, 3rd ed., Chemical Industry Press, Beijing, 2008, p. 177.
    Y. Wang, S.L. Jiang, Y.G. Zheng, W. Ke, W.H. Sun, and J.Q. Wang, Electrochemical behaviour of Fe-based metallic glasses in acidic and neutral solutions, Corros. Sci., 63(2012), p. 159.
    Q. Qv, C.W. Yan, W. Bai, L. Zhang, Y. Wan, and C.N. Cao, Role of NaCl in the atmospheric corrosion of A3 steel, J. Chin. Soc. Corros. Prot., 23(2003), No. 3, p. 160.
    D.L. Li, G.Q. Fu, M.Y. Zhu, and H.J. Zhang, Effect of SO2 pollution on corrosion behavior of Q235B steel in hot and humid marine atmosphere, Iron Steel, 52(2017), No. 1, p. 64.
    C. Lin, Q. Zhao, Y.E. Liu, and J.N. Liang, Evolution of corrosion products of 20 carbon steel in atmosphere containing SO2, Acta Metall. Sin., 46(2010), No. 3, p. 358.
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌,
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Share Article

    Article Metrics

    Article views (274) PDF downloads(6) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint