Revanna Kullaiah, Liju Elias, and Ampar Chitharanjan Hegde, Effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on hydrogen evolution reaction activity of Ni coatings, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 25(2018), No. 4, pp. 472-479. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1593-8
Cite this article as:
Revanna Kullaiah, Liju Elias, and Ampar Chitharanjan Hegde, Effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on hydrogen evolution reaction activity of Ni coatings, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 25(2018), No. 4, pp. 472-479. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1593-8
Research Article

Effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on hydrogen evolution reaction activity of Ni coatings

+ Author Affiliations
  • Corresponding author:

    Ampar Chitharanjan Hegde    E-mail: acrhegde@gmail.com

  • Received: 27 July 2017Revised: 30 November 2017Accepted: 8 December 2017
  • The electrocatalytic activity of electrodeposited Ni and Ni-TiO2 coatings with regard to the alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) was investigated. The Ni coatings were electrodeposited from an acid chloride bath at different current densities, and their HER activities were examined in a 1.0-mol·L-1 KOH medium. The variations in the HER activity of the Ni coatings with changes in surface morphology and composition were examined via the electrochemical dissolution and incorporation of nanoparticles. Electrochemical analysis methods were used to monitor the HER activity of the test electrodes; this activity was confirmed via the quantification of gases that evolved during the analysis. The obtained results demonstrated that the Ni-TiO2 nanocomposite test electrode exhibited maximum activity toward the alkaline HER. The surface appearance, composition, and the phase structure of all developed coatings were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The improvement in the electrocatalytic activity of Ni-TiO2 nanocomposite coating toward HER was attributed to the variation in surface morphology and increased number of active sites.
  • loading
  • [1]
    T.N. Veziroğlu and S. Şahin, 21st century's energy:hydrogen energy system, Energy Convers. Manage., 49(2008), No. 7, p. 1820.
    [2]
    T.N. Veziro⋗ lu and F. Barbir, Hydrogen:the wonder fuel, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 17(1992), No. 6, p. 391.
    [3]
    X.X. Zou and Y. Zhang, Noble metal-free hydrogen evolution catalysts for water splitting, Chem. Soc. Rev., 44(2015), No. 15, p. 5148.
    [4]
    D. Pletcher, Electrocatalysis:present and future, J. Appl. Electrochem., 14(1984), No. 4, p. 403.
    [5]
    F. Safizadeh, E. Ghali, and G. Houlachi, Electrocatalysis developments for hydrogen evolution reaction in alkaline solutions-A review, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 40(2015), No. 1, p. 256.
    [6]
    D. Pletcher and X.H. Li, Prospects for alkaline zero gap water electrolysers for hydrogen production, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy. 36(2011), No. 23, p. 15089.
    [7]
    B.V. Tilak, A.C. Ramamurthy, and B.E. Conway, High performance electrode materials for the hydrogen evolution reaction from alkaline media, J. Chem. Sci., 97(1986), No. 3-4, p. 359.
    [8]
    D.S.P. Cardoso, L. Amaral, D.M.F. Santos, B. Šljukić, C.A.C. Sequeira, D. Macciò, and A. Saccone, Enhancement of hydrogen evolution in alkaline water electrolysis by using nickel-rare earth alloys, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 40(2015), No. 12, p. 4295.
    [9]
    L.J. Elias, K. Scott, and A.C. Hegde, Electrolytic synthesis and characterization of electrocatalytic Ni-W alloy, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 24(2015), No. 11, p. 4182.
    [10]
    L. Elias, P. Cao, and A.C. Hegde, Magnetoelectrodeposition of Ni-W alloy coatings for enhanced hydrogen evolution reaction, RSC Adv., 6(2016), No. 112, p. 111358.
    [11]
    L. Elias and A.C. Hegde, Modification of Ni-P alloy coatings for better hydrogen production by electrochemical dissolution and TiO2 nanoparticles, RSC Adv., 6(2016), No. 70, p. 66204.
    [12]
    N. Kanani, Electroplating:Basic Principles, Processes and Practice, Elsevier, Germany, 2004, p. 5.
    [13]
    L. Beneaand and A.I. Pavlov, Ni-TiO2 nanocomposite coatings as cathode material for hydrogen evolution reaction, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater., 7(2013), No. 11-12, p. 895.
    [14]
    P. Baghery, M. Farzam, A.B. Mousavi, and M. Hosseini, Ni-TiO2 nanocomposite coating with high resistance to corrosion and wear, Surf. Coat. Technol., 204(2010), No. 23, p. 3804.
    [15]
    L. Elias and A.C. Hegde, Synthesis and characterization of Ni-P-Ag composite coating as efficient electrocatalyst for alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction, Electrochim. Acta, 219(2016), p. 377.
    [16]
    C.T.J. Low, R.G.A. Wills, and F.C. Walsh, Electrodeposition of composite coatings containing nanoparticles in a metal deposit, Surf. Coat. Technol., 201(2006), No. 1-2, p. 371.
    [17]
    A.A. Aal and H.B. Hassan, Electrodeposited nanocomposite coatings for fuel cell application, J. Alloys Compd., 477(2009), No. 1-2, p. 652.
    [18]
    I.A. Raj, Nickel-based, binary-composite electrocatalysts for the cathodes in the energy-efficient industrial production of hydrogen from alkaline-water electrolytic cells, J. Mater. Sci., 28(1993), No. 16, p. 4375.
    [19]
    C.Q. Li, X.H. Li, Z.X. Wang, and H.J. Guo, Nickel electrodeposition from novel citrate bath, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 17(2007), No. 6, p. 1300.
    [20]
    E. Rudnik, M. Wojnicki, and G. Włoch, Effect of gluconate addition on the electrodeposition of nickel from acidic baths, Surf. Coat. Technol., 207(2012) 375.
    [21]
    D. Gierlotka, E. Rówinski, A. Budniok, and E.L. Giewka, Production and properties of electrolytic Ni-P-TiO2 composite layers, J. Appl. Electrochem., 27(1997), No. 12, p. 1349.
    [22]
    I. Ruzybayev, E. Yassitepe, A. Ali, A.S. Bhatti, R.M. Mohamed, M. Islam, and S.I. Shah, Reactive pulsed laser deposited N-C codoped TiO2 thin films, Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process., 39(2015), p. 371.
    [23]
    S. Javed, M. Mujahid, M. Islam, and U. Manzoor, Morphological effects of reflux condensation on nanocrystalline anatase gel and thin films, Mater. Chem. Phys., 132(2012), No. 2-3, p. 509.
    [24]
    M. Islam and T. Shehbaz, Effect of synthesis conditions and post-deposition treatments on composition and structural morphology of medium-phosphorus electroless Ni-P films, Surf. Coat. Technol., 205(2011), No. 19, p. 4397.
    [25]
    L. Elias and A.C. Hegde, Effect of including the carbon nanotube and graphene oxide on the electrocatalytic behavior of the Ni-W alloy for the hydrogen evolution reaction, New J. Chem., 41(2017), No. 22, p. 13912.
    [26]
    M. Islam, M.R. Azhar, N. Fredj, and T.D. Burleigh, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and indentation studies of pure and composite electroless Ni-P coatings, Surf. Coat. Technol., 236(2013), p. 262.
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Share Article

    Article Metrics

    Article views (205) PDF downloads(0) Cited by()
    Proportional views

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return