Jing Wen, Tao Jiang, Mi Zhou, Hui-yang Gao, Jia-yi Liu, and Xiang-xin Xue, Roasting and leaching behaviors of vanadium and chromium in calcification roasting–acid leaching of high-chromium vanadium slag, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 25(2018), No. 5, pp. 515-526. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1598-3
Cite this article as:
Jing Wen, Tao Jiang, Mi Zhou, Hui-yang Gao, Jia-yi Liu, and Xiang-xin Xue, Roasting and leaching behaviors of vanadium and chromium in calcification roasting–acid leaching of high-chromium vanadium slag, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 25(2018), No. 5, pp. 515-526. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-018-1598-3
Research Article

Roasting and leaching behaviors of vanadium and chromium in calcification roasting–acid leaching of high-chromium vanadium slag

+ Author Affiliations
  • Corresponding author:

    Tao Jiang    E-mail: jiangt@smm.neu.edu.cn

  • Received: 13 September 2017Revised: 8 November 2017Accepted: 23 November 2017
  • Calcification roasting–acid leaching of high-chromium vanadium slag (HCVS) was conducted to elucidate the roasting and leaching behaviors of vanadium and chromium. The effects of the purity of CaO, molar ratio between CaO and V2O5 (n(CaO)/n(V2O5)), roasting temperature, holding time, and the heating rate used in the oxidation–calcification processes were investigated. The roasting process and mechanism were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetry–differential scanning calorimetry (TG–DSC). The results show that most of vanadium reacted with CaO to generate calcium vanadates and transferred into the leaching liquid, whereas almost all of the chromium remained in the leaching residue in the form of (Fe0.6Cr0.4)2O3. Variation trends of the vanadium and chromium leaching ratios were always opposite because of the competitive reactions of oxidation and calcification between vanadium and chromium with CaO. Moreover, CaO was more likely to combine with vanadium, as further confirmed by thermodynamic analysis. When the HCVS with CaO added in an n(CaO)/n(V2O5) ratio of 0.5 was roasted in an air atmosphere at a heating rate of 10℃/min from room temperature to 950℃ and maintained at this temperature for 60 min, the leaching ratios of vanadium and chromium reached 91.14% and 0.49%, respectively; thus, efficient extraction of vanadium from HCVS was achieved and the leaching residue could be used as a new raw material for the extraction of chromium. Furthermore, the oxidation and calcification reactions of the spinel phases occurred at 592 and 630℃ for n(CaO)/n(V2O5) ratios of 0.5 and 5, respectively.
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