Yan-kun Ma, Bai-sheng Nie, Xue-qiu He, Xiang-chun Li, Jun-qing Meng, and Da-zhao Song, Mechanism investigation on coal and gas outburst: An overview, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 27(2020), No. 7, pp. 872-887. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-019-1956-9
Cite this article as:
Yan-kun Ma, Bai-sheng Nie, Xue-qiu He, Xiang-chun Li, Jun-qing Meng, and Da-zhao Song, Mechanism investigation on coal and gas outburst: An overview, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 27(2020), No. 7, pp. 872-887. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-019-1956-9
Invited Review

Mechanism investigation on coal and gas outburst: An overview

+ Author Affiliations
  • Corresponding authors:

    Bai-sheng Nie    E-mail: bshnie@cumtb.edu.cn

    Xue-qiu He    E-mail: hexq@ustb.edu.cn

  • Received: 24 October 2019Revised: 27 December 2019Accepted: 31 December 2019Available online: 6 January 2020
  • Coal and gas outburst is a frequent dynamic disaster during underground coal mining activities. After about 150 years of exploration, the mechanisms of outbursts remain unclear to date. Studies on outburst mechanisms worldwide focused on the physicochemical and mechanical properties of outburst-prone coal, laboratory-scale outburst experiments and numerical modeling, mine-site investigations, and doctrines of outburst mechanisms. Outburst mechanisms are divided into two categories: single-factor and multi-factor mechanisms. The multi-factor mechanism is widely accepted, but all statistical phenomena during a single outburst cannot be explained using present knowledge. Additional topics about outburst mechanisms are proposed by summarizing the phenomena that need precise explanation. The most appealing research is the microscopic process of the interaction between coal and gas. Modern physical-chemical methods can help characterize the natural properties of outburst-prone coal. Outburst experiments can compensate for the deficiency of first-hand observation at the scene. Restoring the original outburst scene by constructing a geomechanical model or numerical model and reproducing the entire outburst process based on mining environment conditions, including stratigraphic distribution, gas occurrence, and geological structure, are important. Future studies can explore outburst mechanisms at the microscale.
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