Zao-hong Zhang, Tao Wei, Jia-hao Lu, Qi-ming Xiong, Yue-han Ji, Zong-yuan Zhu, and Liu-ting Zhang, Practical development and challenges of garnet-structured Li7La3Zr2O12 electrolytes for all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries: A review, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 28(2021), No. 10, pp. 1565-1583.
Cite this article as:
Zao-hong Zhang, Tao Wei, Jia-hao Lu, Qi-ming Xiong, Yue-han Ji, Zong-yuan Zhu, and Liu-ting Zhang, Practical development and challenges of garnet-structured Li7La3Zr2O12 electrolytes for all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries: A review, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 28(2021), No. 10, pp. 1565-1583.
Invited Review

Practical development and challenges of garnet-structured Li7La3Zr2O12 electrolytes for all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries: A review

+ Author Affiliations
  • Corresponding authors:

    Tao Wei    E-mail:

    Liu-ting Zhang    E-mail:

  • Received: 17 October 2020Revised: 19 November 2020Accepted: 8 December 2020Available online: 12 December 2020
  • All-solid-state Li-ion batteries (ASSLIBs) have been widely studied to achieve Li-ion batteries (LIBs) with high safety and energy density. Recent reviews and experimental papers have focused on methods that improve the ionic conductivity, stabilize the electrochemical performance, and enhance the electrolyte/electrode interfacial compatibility of several solid-state electrolytes (SSEs), including oxides, sulfides, composite and gel electrolytes, and so on. Garnet-structured Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZO) is highly regarded an SSE with excellent application potential. However, this type of electrolyte also possesses a number of disadvantages, such as low ionic conductivity, unstable cubic phase, and poor interfacial compatibility with anodes/cathodes. The benefits of LLZO have urged many researchers to explore effective solutions to overcome its inherent limitations. Herein, we review recent developments on garnet-structured LLZO and provide comprehensive insights to guide the development of garnet-structured LLZO-type electrolytes. We not only systematically and comprehensively discuss the preparation, element doping, structure, stability, and interfacial improvement of LLZOs but also provide future perspectives for these materials. This review expands the current understanding on advanced solid garnet electrolytes and provides meaningful guidance for the commercialization of ASSLIBs.

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