Jian-hua Chu and Yan-ping Bao, Mn evaporation and denitrification behaviors of molten Mn steel in the vacuum refining with slag process, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 28(2021), No. 8, pp. 1288-1297. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-021-2311-5
Cite this article as:
Jian-hua Chu and Yan-ping Bao, Mn evaporation and denitrification behaviors of molten Mn steel in the vacuum refining with slag process, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 28(2021), No. 8, pp. 1288-1297. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-021-2311-5
Research Article

Mn evaporation and denitrification behaviors of molten Mn steel in the vacuum refining with slag process

+ Author Affiliations
  • Corresponding author:

    Yan-ping Bao    E-mail: baoyp@ustb.edu.cn

  • Received: 9 March 2021Revised: 3 June 2021Accepted: 4 June 2021Available online: 5 June 2021
  • Considering the precise composition control on the vacuum refining of high-Mn steel, the behaviors of both Mn evaporation and nitrogen removal from molten Mn steel were investigated via vacuum slag refining in a vacuum induction furnace. It was found that the reaction interfaces of denitrification and Mn evaporation tend to migrate from the surface of slag layer to the surface of molten steel with the gradual exposure of molten steel during the vacuum slag refining process. Significantly, compared with the experimental group without slag addition, the addition of slag into steel can result in a lower Mn evaporation rate constant of 0.0192 cm·min−1 at 370 Pa, while the denitrification rate is almost not affected. Besides, the slag has a stronger inhibitory effect on Mn evaporation than the reduced vacuum pressure. Moreover, the inhibitory effect of the slag layer on Mn evaporation can be weakened with the increase of the initial Mn content in molten steel. The slag layer can work as an inhibitory layer to reduce the Mn evaporation from molten steel, the evaporation reaction of Mn mainly proceeds on the surface of the molten steel. This may be attributed to the Mn mass transfer coefficient for one of reaction at steel/slag interface, mass transfer in molten slag, and evaporation reaction at slag/gas interface is lower than that of evaporation reaction at steel/gas interface. The introduction of slag is proposed for both denitrification and manganese control during the vacuum refining process of Mn steels.
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