Han Dang, Runsheng Xu, Jianliang Zhang, Mingyong Wang, and Jinhua Li, Cross-upgrading of biomass hydrothermal carbonization and pyrolysis for high quality blast furnace injection fuel production: Physicochemical characteristics and gasification kinetics analysis, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 31(2024), No. 2, pp. 268-281. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-023-2728-0
Cite this article as:
Han Dang, Runsheng Xu, Jianliang Zhang, Mingyong Wang, and Jinhua Li, Cross-upgrading of biomass hydrothermal carbonization and pyrolysis for high quality blast furnace injection fuel production: Physicochemical characteristics and gasification kinetics analysis, Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., 31(2024), No. 2, pp. 268-281. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-023-2728-0
Research Article

Cross-upgrading of biomass hydrothermal carbonization and pyrolysis for high quality blast furnace injection fuel production: Physicochemical characteristics and gasification kinetics analysis

+ Author Affiliations
  • Corresponding authors:

    Runsheng Xu    E-mail: xu_runsheng@163.com

    Jinhua Li    E-mail: 1304503396@qq.com

  • Received: 4 May 2023Revised: 25 July 2023Accepted: 16 August 2023Available online: 18 August 2023
  • The paper proposes a biomass cross-upgrading process that combines hydrothermal carbonization and pyrolysis to produce high-quality blast furnace injection fuel. The results showed that after upgrading, the volatile content of biochar ranged from 16.19% to 45.35%, and the alkali metal content, ash content, and specific surface area were significantly reduced. The optimal route for biochar production is hydrothermal carbonization–pyrolysis (P-HC), resulting in biochar with a higher calorific value, C=C structure, and increased graphitization degree. The apparent activation energy (E) of the sample ranges from 199.1 to 324.8 kJ/mol, with P-HC having an E of 277.8 kJ/mol, lower than that of raw biomass, primary biochar, and anthracite. This makes P-HC more suitable for blast furnace injection fuel. Additionally, the paper proposes a path for P-HC injection in blast furnaces and calculates potential environmental benefits. P-HC offers the highest potential for carbon emission reduction, capable of reducing emissions by 96.04 kg/t when replacing 40wt% coal injection.
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